Titanium

22
Ti
Kumpulan
4
Kala
4
Blok
d
Proton
Elektron
Neutron
22
22
26
Ciri-Ciri Am
Nombor atom
22
Berat atom
47.867
Nombor jisim
48
Kategori
Logam peralihan
Warna
Perak
Radioaktif
Tidak
From the Latin titans, the first sons of the Earth, Greek mythology
Struktur hablur
Hexagonal Ringkas
Sejarah
William Gregor found the oxide of titanium in ilmenite in 1791.

Martin Heinrich Klaproth independently discovered the element in rutile in 1795 and named it.

The pure metallic form was only obtained in 1910 by Matthew A. Hunter.

In 1936, the Kroll Process made the commercial production of titanium possible.
Bilangan elektron per petala
2, 8, 10, 2
Konfigurasi elektron
[Ar] 3d2 4s2
Ti
Titanium is one of the few elements that burns in pure nitrogen gas
Ciri-Ciri Fizikal
Fasa
Pepejal
Ketumpatan
4.54 g/cm3
Takat lebur
1941.15 K | 1668 °C | 3034.4 °F
Takat didih
3560.15 K | 3287 °C | 5948.6 °F
Haba pelakuran
18.7 kJ/mol
Haba pengewapan
425 kJ/mol
Muatan haba molar
0.523 J/g·K
Banyak pada kerak bumi
0.66%
Banyak pada alam semesta
0.0003%
A
Kredit imej: Wikimedia Commons (Alchemist-hp)
A titanium crystal bar made by the iodide process at URALREDMET in the Soviet era
Nombor CAS
7440-32-6
PubChem CID Number
23963
Ciri-Ciri Atom
Jejari atom
147 pm
Jejari kovalen
160 pm
Keelektronegatifan
1.54 (Skala Pauling)
Kebolehan mengion
6.8281 eV
Isipadu atom
10.64 cm3/mol
Daya pengaliran terma
0.219 W/cm·K
Keadaan pengoksidaan
-1, 2, 3, 4
Aplikasi
Titanium is used in steel as an alloying element to reduce grain size and as a deoxidizer, and in stainless steel to reduce carbon content.

Titanium has potential use in desalination plants for converting sea water into fresh water.

Titanium is used in several everyday products such as drill bits, bicycles, golf clubs, watches and laptop computers.
Titanium metal is considered to be non-toxic
Isotop
Isotop stabil
46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti, 50Ti
Isotop tidak stabil
38Ti, 39Ti, 40Ti, 41Ti, 42Ti, 43Ti, 44Ti, 45Ti, 51Ti, 52Ti, 53Ti, 54Ti, 55Ti, 56Ti, 57Ti, 58Ti, 59Ti, 60Ti, 61Ti, 62Ti, 63Ti