Nitrogen

7
N
Kumpulan
15
Kala
2
Blok
p
Proton
Elektron
Neutron
7
7
7
Ciri-Ciri Am
Nombor atom
7
Berat atom
14.0067
Nombor jisim
14
Kategori
Bukan logam
Warna
Tidak berwarna
Radioaktif
Tidak
Daripada perkataan Latin nitrum, Yunani Nitron, soda asli; dan genes, membentuk
Struktur hablur
Hexagonal Ringkas
Sejarah
Nitrogen is considered to have been discovered by Scottish physician Daniel Rutherford in 1772, who called it noxious air or fixed air.

It was also studied at about the same time by Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Henry Cavendish and Joseph Priestley.

In 1790 the French chemist Jean-Antoine-Claude Chaptal named the element nitrogen.
Bilangan elektron per petala
2, 5
Konfigurasi elektron
[He] 2s2 2p3
N
Nitrogen is present in all living organisms, in proteins, nucleic acids and other molecules
Ciri-Ciri Fizikal
Fasa
Gas
Ketumpatan
0.0012506 g/cm3
Takat lebur
63.15 K | -210 °C | -346 °F
Takat didih
77.36 K | -195.79 °C | -320.42 °F
Haba pelakuran
0.36 kJ/mol
Haba pengewapan
2.79 kJ/mol
Muatan haba molar
1.04 J/g·K
Banyak pada kerak bumi
0.002%
Banyak pada alam semesta
0.1%
Vial
Kredit imej: Images-of-elements
Vial of glowing ultrapure nitrogen
Nombor CAS
7727-37-9
PubChem CID Number
947
Ciri-Ciri Atom
Jejari atom
56 pm
Jejari kovalen
71 pm
Keelektronegatifan
3.04 (Skala Pauling)
Kebolehan mengion
14.5341 eV
Isipadu atom
17.3 cm3/mol
Daya pengaliran terma
0.0002598 W/cm·K
Keadaan pengoksidaan
-3, -2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Aplikasi
Nitrogen is used to produce ammonia and fertilizers, vital for current food production methods.

Liquid nitrogen is used as a refrigerant.

Nitric acid is used as an oxidizing agent in liquid fueled rockets.

Nitrogen is a constituent of molecules in every major drug class in pharmacology and medicine.
Rapid release of nitrogen gas into an enclosed space can displace oxygen, and therefore represents an asphyxiation hazard
Isotop
Isotop stabil
14N, 15N
Isotop tidak stabil
10N, 11N, 12N, 13N, 16N, 17N, 18N, 19N, 20N, 21N, 22N, 23N, 24N, 25N