Sulfur

16
S
Kumpulan
16
Kala
3
Blok
p
Proton
Elektron
Neutron
16
16
16
Ciri-Ciri Am
Nombor atom
16
Berat atom
32.065
Nombor jisim
32
Kategori
Bukan logam
Warna
Kuning
Radioaktif
Tidak
Known to the ancients; referred to in Genesis as brimstone
Struktur hablur
Pusat Wajah Orthorhombic
Sejarah
By the 3rd century, the Chinese discovered that sulfur could be extracted from pyrite.

Indian alchemists wrote extensively about the use of sulfur in alchemical operations with mercury, from the eighth century AD onwards.

In 1777, Antoine Lavoisier helped convince the scientific community that sulfur was an element, not a compound.
Bilangan elektron per petala
2, 8, 6
Konfigurasi elektron
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
S
Penicillin is a natural, sulfur-based antibiotic
Ciri-Ciri Fizikal
Fasa
Pepejal
Ketumpatan
2.067 g/cm3
Takat lebur
388.36 K | 115.21 °C | 239.38 °F
Takat didih
717.8 K | 444.65 °C | 832.37 °F
Haba pelakuran
1.73 kJ/mol
Haba pengewapan
9.8 kJ/mol
Muatan haba molar
0.71 J/g·K
Banyak pada kerak bumi
0.042%
Banyak pada alam semesta
0.05%
A
Kredit imej: Wikimedia Commons (Ben Mills)
A sample of sulfur
Nombor CAS
7704-34-9
PubChem CID Number
5362487
Ciri-Ciri Atom
Jejari atom
88 pm
Jejari kovalen
105 pm
Keelektronegatifan
2.58 (Skala Pauling)
Kebolehan mengion
10.36 eV
Isipadu atom
15.5 cm3/mol
Daya pengaliran terma
0.00269 W/cm·K
Keadaan pengoksidaan
-2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Aplikasi
Sulfur's main commercial use is as a reactant in the production of sulfuric acid.

Sulfur is a component of black gunpowder, and is used in the vulcanization of natural rubber and a fungicide.

It is used to make sulfite paper and other papers, to fumigate fumigant, and to bleach dried fruits.

It is also used extensively in making phosphatic fertilizers.
Elemental sulfur is considered to be of low toxicity
Isotop
Isotop stabil
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S
Isotop tidak stabil
26S, 27S, 28S, 29S, 30S, 31S, 35S, 37S, 38S, 39S, 40S, 41S, 42S, 43S, 44S, 45S, 46S, 47S, 48S, 49S